life of the Welsh in the slate quarries and quarry villages of North Wales, their migration to the United States, and (he creation of quarry communities in the slate valley of the New York-Vermont border.
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From material gained in a year of research in Wales and many years of research in the United States, Professor Roberts presents a picture of the life of the Welsh in the slate quarries and quarry villages of North Wales, their migration to the United States, and (he creation of quarry communities in the slate valley of the New York-Vermont border.
In his telling of the rise and decline of slate quarrying in that val¬ley, he also describes the life and culture of the Welsh-American com¬munities at their peak and the effect of the quarry families upon the Yankee communities in which they set-lied. Finally, he tells of the immigration of Irish, Slovaks, and people of other nationalities to do the dangerous work at the bottom of the quarry pits, and the eventual American-ization of all the immigrant groups.
Gwilym R. Roberts was born in the quarry village of Brownville, Maine, in 1917. His father and both of his grand-fathers were slateworkers who had come to Maine from near Bethesda, North Wales. After graduating from Farmington (ME) State Normal School, he taught in Greenville, ME, and earned the B. S. and M. A. degrees at the University of Maine in Orono. He studied for two years at Columbia University and, on a Fulbright Grant, spent a year at the University Col¬lege of North Wales in Bangor.
Hired as a one-year substitute in the history department of Farmington Normal School in 1940, he remained at that college for 43 years. He spent eleven years as Dean of Arts and Humanities of the University of Maine at Farmington, the fifth and current name of that institution. During his years of college teaching, he was active as a public speaker and newspaper columnist.
After retiring in 1983, he served one term in the Maine State Legislature and established a travel program which has taken alumni of UMF to Europe, Asia, or Australia each summer. Residents of Farmington, Maine, since 1940, he and his wife are the parents of five daughters. A rare insight to Welsh immergrant miners working in USA.